What is an example of enzootic disease?

An example of an enzootic disease would be the influenza virus in some bird populations or, at a lower incidence, the Type IVb strain of VHS in certain Atlantic fish populations.

Which of the following pathogens cause epizootics in animals?

Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) causes epizootics and human epidemics in Africa. RVFV mainly infects livestock, such as sheep, cattle, goats, etc.

What is an enzootic disease?

Enzootic: Endemic in animals. An enzootic disease is constantly present in an animal population, but usually only affects a small number of animals at any one time.

Why is it referred to as epizootic?

The word “epizootic” is pronounced ep’i-zo-ot’ik. It has Greek roots: epi- meaning “on” among other things, + zoon, “animal.”

What is a Zoonose?

A zoonosis (zoonotic disease or zoonoses -plural) is an infectious disease that is transmitted between species from animals to humans (or from humans to animals).

What is exotic disease?

Exotic diseases are infectious diseases that normally do not occur in the region of your pig farm either because they have never been present there or because they were eradicated and then kept out by government control measures.

What are the common animal diseases?

Animal diseases

  • African horse sickness. African horse sickness (AHS) is a highly fatal, non-contagious, infectious disease, of horses, mules and donkeys caused by AHS virus.
  • African swine fever.
  • Avian influenza.
  • Bluetongue.
  • Classical swine fever.
  • Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
  • Foot and mouth disease.
  • Lumpy skin disease.

What is an exotic disease?

What is epizootic process?

When we started our analysis of the state of the problem formulated in the title of this article, we took into account the fact that a natural focus is any natural ecosystem that includes a pathogen population and that an epizootic process is a process of continuous interaction of a pathogen population with its natural …

What kind of animals are susceptible to epizootic hemorrhagic disease?

With the notable exception of Ibaraki virus, which is a pathogenic variant of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus serotype 2, most epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus infections of ruminants are mild or subclinical. However, disease occurs in some infected animals, and white-tailed deer are especially susceptible.

How is epizootic hemorrhagic disease similar to bluetongue disease?

Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) is similar to bluetongue disease in many respects; the major difference is that it occurs primarily in wild ruminants, notably deer. It also is caused by a species in the genus Orbivirus (Reoviridae) and is closely related to BTV.

What is the incubation period for Epizootic hemorrhagic disease?

The incubation period for epizootic hemorrhagic disease in deer is 5 to 10 days. Three syndromes may be seen in deer. Peracute disease is characterized by high fever, anorexia, weakness, respiratory distress, and severe and rapid edema of the head and neck.

How to tell if a deer has Epizootic hemorrhagic disease?

Common signs of initial infection include depression, fever, respiratory distress, and swelling of the head, neck, and tongue. Affected deer often remain near water sources. Following recovery from acute disease, deer with chronic disease can develop breaks and growth interruptions in the hooves progressing to complete sloughing of the hoof wall.