Is specific heat a constant?
It is measured in joules per Kelvin and given by. The heat capacity is an extensive property, scaling with the size of the system. The heat capacity of most systems is not constant (though it can often be treated as such). It depends on the temperature, pressure, and volume of the system under consideration.
Why does specific heat change with temperature?
As the substance heats up, the average kinetic energy of the molecules increases. The collisions impart enough energy to allow rotation to occur. Rotation then contributes to the internal energy and raises the specific heat.
Does the specific heat of water increases with temperature?
The relationship does not apply if a phase change is encountered, because the heat added or removed during a phase change does not change the temperature. The specific heat of water is 1 calorie/gram °C = 4.186 joule/gram °C which is higher than any other common substance.
Why is water’s specific heat so high?
Water’s high heat capacity is a property caused by hydrogen bonding among water molecules. When the temperature of water decreases, the hydrogen bonds are formed and release a considerable amount of energy. Water has the highest specific heat capacity of any liquid.