## How do you calculate PV?

Example of Present ValueUsing the present value formula, the calculation is \$2,200 (FV) / (1 +. 03)^1.PV = \$2,135.92, or the minimum amount that you would need to be paid today to have \$2,200 one year from now.

## What tools and techniques should be used in the cost control process?

Cost Control Techniques1 – Planning the Project Budget. You would need to ideally make a budget at the beginning of the planning session with regard to the project at hand. 2 – Keeping a Track of Costs. 3 – Effective Time Management. 4 – Project Change Control. 5 – Use of Earned Value.

What is the difference between BAC and EAC?

BAC stands for Budgeted cost At Completion. EAC stands for Estimated cost At Completion. BAC is an exogeneous variable i.e. given for the context of the project which needs to be adhered. EAC is a performance parameter which can be computed at any stage of the project based on historical performance.

What is true of BAC and EAC?

What is true of BAC and EAC? BAC stands for Budgeted cost At Completion. EAC stands for Estimated cost At Completion. BAC is an exogeneous variable i.e. given for the context of the project which needs to be adhered.

### What is budget at completion in project management?

Budget at completion (BAC) is the total anticipated and budgeted spending for the project based on the project estimates and assumptions.

### What is the purpose of a WBS?

The goal of a WBS is to make a large project more manageable. Breaking it down into smaller chunks means work can be done simultaneously by different team members, leading to better team productivity and easier project management overall.

What should be included in a WBS?

The most helpful WBS plans contain these components:Identification of which organization, department, or individual is responsible for each specific work piece.The scheduled start and end dates.Required resources.Estimated cost of the project.Charge numbers.Contract details, requirements, and milestones.

What stage should WBS be prepared?

The project team prepares the WBS as the first step of the planning process as soon as a SMART objective is determined and the requirements of the party commissioning the project and expectations of the project client (or other important stakeholders) are known.

## What are the levels of a WBS?

The WBS contains 100% of all the work in the project. At the top level is the project ultimate goal, the second level contains the project objectives, the third level has the project outputs and the fourth level with activities.