What is the difference between spina bifida Cystica and Occulta?
Meningocele and myelomeningocele may be grouped as spina bifida cystica. The most common location is the lower back, but in rare cases it may be in the middle back or neck. Occulta has no or only mild signs, which may include a hairy patch, dimple, dark spot or swelling on the back at the site of the gap in the spine.
What is the difference between spina bifida and anencephaly?
The two most common neural tube defects are spina bifida and anencephaly. In spina bifida, the fetal spinal column doesn’t close completely. There is usually nerve damage that causes at least some paralysis of the legs. In anencephaly, most of the brain and skull do not develop.
What are the two major forms of spina bifida Cystica?
Types of spina bifida
- Myelomeningocele. This is the most common and serious type of spina bifida.
- Meningocele. This type of spina bifida also involves a sack of fluid outside an opening in the baby’s back.
- Spina bifida occulta. This is a mild type of spina bifida.
What are the types of spina bifida Cystica?
There are four types of spina bifida: occulta, closed neural tube defects, meningocele, and myelomeningocele.
Can spina bifida be closed?
Open spina bifida may cause severe symptoms. Fewer people are familiar with spina bifida occulta, or “closed” spina bifida. Closed spina bifida usually causes no symptoms at all.
Is meningocele and spina bifida the same thing?
Meningocele is a form of spina bifida in which a meningeal sac of cerebrospinal fluid protrudes through the skull while meningomyelocele is a congenital defect of the central nervous system of
What is the most serious form of spina bifida?
Myelomeningocele: This is the most serious type of spina bifida. When parts of the spinal cord and nerves come through the open part of the spine, it causes myelomeningocele. Myelomeningocele also causes nerve damage and other disabilities.
Does spina bifida ever go unnoticed?
Severe cases of spina bifida are characterized by a sac filled with fluid that protrudes from the back of the spine, and can be easily detected. Less severe forms of spina bifida-those that generally do not require treatment-are noted by a birthmark or tuft of hair on the spine. If spina bifida is very mild, however, it may never cause symptoms and may go unnoticed and undiagnosed.
What are the current treatments for spina bifida?
The two main spina bifida treatment options are fetal surgery during pregnancy or surgery on the baby right after birth.