What is Kielce known for?

Kielce is a city in southern Poland with 194,852 inhabitants. Kielce was once an important centre of limestone mining and the vicinity is famous for its natural resources like copper, lead and iron, which, over the centuries, were exploited on a large scale.

When was Kielce founded?

Kielce was the site of Poland’s first technical university, the Academy of Mining, founded in 1816 primarily through the efforts of Stanisław Staszic. Although it was short-lived (it closed in 1827), the academy was the forerunner of AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków.

What is Southern Poland called?

Lesser Poland, often known by its Polish name Małopolska (Latin: Polonia Minor), is a historical region situated in southern and south-eastern Poland.

Why is Poland called Poland?

One of them was the Polan tribe from which the country’s name originated. Thus, Poland also means “The Land of Polans”. The origin of the name of the Polans itself derives from the word “pole” meaning “field/open space”. In 966 Mieszko ordered the so called Baptism of Poland.

Is Kielce safe?

Crime rates in Kielce, Poland

Level of crime 29.17 Low
Crime increasing in the past 3 years 37.50 Low
Worries home broken and things stolen 27.27 Low
Worries being mugged or robbed 25.00 Low
Worries car stolen 35.42 Low

How many Polish died in ww2?

five million Polish citizens
Estimates vary, but more than five million Polish citizens were killed during the war, perhaps as much as 17% of the population, including up to three million Polish Jews murdered by the Germans in the Holocaust.

What states are in Poland?


  • Greater Poland (Wielkopolskie)
  • Kuyavian-Pomeranian (Kujawsko-pomorskie)
  • Lesser Poland (Malopolskie)
  • Lodz (Lodzkie)
  • Lower Silesian (Dolnoslaskie)
  • Lublin (Lubelskie)
  • Lubusz (Lubuskie)
  • Masovian (Mazowieckie)

Where was the city of Kielce located in Poland?

Within the Polish Kingdom, Kielce was administratively located in the Sandomierz Voivodeship in the Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown. The area around Kielce was rich in minerals such as copper ore, lead ore, and iron, as well as limestone.

What was the main industrial area of Kielce?

The plans to strengthen Polish heavy and war industries resulted in Kielce becoming one of the main nodes of the Central Industrial Area ( Centralny Okręg Przemysłowy ). The town housed several big factories, among them the munitions factory “Granat” and the food processing plant “Społem”.

How many Jews lived in Kielce before World War 2?

Before the rebirth of sovereign Poland according to the Russian census of 1897 among the total population of 23,200 inhabitants, there were 6,400 Jews in Kielce (around 27 percent). On the eve of the Second World War there were about 18,000 Jews in the city.

When was the last pogrom in Kielce, Poland?

This article is about the 1946 pogrom. For the 1918 pogrom in Kielce, see Kielce pogrom (1918).