What is a parachute mitral valve?

Background— Parachute mitral valve (PMV) is defined as a unifocal attachment of the mitral valve chordae to a single or dominant papillary muscle and may cause subvalvar obstruction.

What does the Chordae Tendineae attached to?

Chordae tendineae: Thread-like bands of fibrous tissue which attach on one end to the edges of the tricuspid and mitral valves of the heart and on the other end to the papillary muscles, small muscles within the heart that serve to anchor the valves.

What is a complication of an incompetent mitral valve?

If you have long-term untreated or improperly treated mitral regurgitation, you can develop a type of high blood pressure that affects the vessels in the lungs (pulmonary hypertension). A leaky mitral valve can increase pressure in the left atrium, which can eventually cause pulmonary hypertension.

What is Shone’s syndrome?

Shone’s syndrome (also known as Shone’s complex) is a rare combination of four left-sided congenital cardiac anomalies including parachute mitral valve, supravalvar mitral ring, coarctation (narrowing) of the aor- ta, and subaortic obstruction.

Which heart chamber is the thickest?

The left ventricle of your heart is larger and thicker than the right ventricle. This is because it has to pump the blood further around the body, and against higher pressure, compared with the right ventricle.

How is a mitral valve prolapse ( MVP ) detected?

How is mitral valve prolapse detected? Because most patients with MVP do not experience symptoms, a murmur may be detected during a routine physical examination when a healthcare provider uses a stethoscope to listen to the heart. Common symptoms include bursts of rapid heartbeat (palpitations), chest discomfort and fatigue.

What is the Magna mitral ease valve made of?

Carpentier-Edwards PERIMOUNT Magna Mitral Ease valve. Built upon the unique and proven PERIMOUNT design, the Magna Mitral Ease valve gives you and your patients: The Magna Mitral Ease valve is built upon the proven, time-tested PERIMOUNT valve design, with unique design elements including: Mathematically modeled, bioengineered design.

What do you need to know about mitral valve repair?

Mitral valve repair and mitral valve replacement. Print. Mitral valve repair and mitral valve replacement are procedures that may be performed to treat diseases of the mitral valve — the valve located between the left heart chambers (left atrium and left ventricle). Several types of mitral valve disease exist.

Can a mitral valve prolapse cause heart damage?

If not treated, it can result in heart muscle damage. This condition is commonly caused by mitral valve prolapse, in which the leaflets bulge back into the left atrium as your heart contracts.