What is a Hotchkiss mountain gun?

The M1875 mountain gun was a mountain gun that was used by the United States Army during the last quarter of the nineteenth century. A Hotchkiss design from the French arms firm, Hotchkiss & Company founded by Benjamin B. Hotchkiss, (1826–1885), “it was the first original breech-loading gun in the U.S. Army”.

Who invented the Hotchkiss gun?

Benjamin B. Hotchkiss
Hotchkiss machine gun, originally a big-bore, hand-cranked, rapid-fire weapon developed in 1878 by Benjamin B. Hotchkiss (1826–85), a U.S. ordnance engineer with a factory in Paris.

What makes a mountain gun a mountain gun?

Mountain guns are artillery pieces designed for use in mountain warfare and areas where usual wheeled transport is not possible. They are similar to infantry support guns, and are generally capable of being broken down into smaller loads (for transport by horse, human, mule, tractor, and/or truck).

How does a revolver cannon work?

A revolver cannon is a type of autocannon, commonly used as an aircraft gun. It uses a cylinder with multiple chambers, like those of a revolver handgun, to speed up the loading-firing-ejection cycle. Unlike a rotary cannon, a revolver cannon has only a single barrel, thus its spun weight is lower.

Who built the Maxim gun?

Hiram Maxim
Maxim gun/Inventors

In 1884, Hiram Maxim built the first effective machine gun, which revolutionized warfare. Born in 1840 in Sangersville, Maine, Maxim was apprenticed at 14 to a carriage maker. While learning that trade, he exhibited a knack for invention, designing a mousetrap that automatically reset and rid local mills of rodents.

Where was the Hotchkiss gun produced?

Hotchkiss. Hotchkiss moved to France and set up a factory, first at Viviez near Rodez in 1867, then at Saint-Denis near Paris in 1875 manufacturing arms used by the French in the Franco-Prussian War.

Who invented the howitzer?

Henry Shrapnel
It was invented in the 1780s by Royal Artillery officer Henry Shrapnel, whose name became synonymous with fragmented shell shot. In the early 1860s U.S. Army Captain Thomas J. Rodman developed the gun that would become the high point of smoothbore, muzzle-loading artillery.

How do chain guns work?

A chain gun is a type of machine gun/autocannon that uses an external source of power to cycle the weapon’s action, rather than diverting excess energy from the cartridges’ propellant as in a typical automatic firearm, and does so via a continuous loop of chain drive similar to that used on a motorcycle or bicycle.

How does an autocannon work?

An autocannon, automatic cannon or machine cannon is a fully automatic gun that is capable of rapid-firing large-caliber (20 mm/0.79 in or more) armour-piercing, explosive or incendiary shells, as opposed to the smaller-caliber kinetic projectiles (bullets) fired by a machine gun.

What country invented the Maxim gun?

Maxim machine gun, first fully automatic machine gun (q.v.), developed by engineer and inventor Hiram Maxim in about 1884, while he was residing in England. It was manufactured by Vickers and was sometimes known as the Vickers-Maxim and sometimes just Vickers.

What type of machine guns were used in ww1?

Machine guns

  • Chauchat M1915.
  • Colt–Browning M1895/14.
  • Hotchkiss M1909.
  • Hotchkiss M1914.
  • Lewis M1914.
  • Maxim M1911.

What was the Hotchkiss medium machine gun used for?

The Hotchkiss Portative was a variant of the Hotchkiss medium machine gun designed for use in the LMG role. It used the same long-stroke gas system and interrupted-thread locking system as the earlier Hotchkiss, but had the feed system inverted to save space and the gun significantly lightened.

Is the Benet Mercie 1909 the same as the Hotchkiss Portative?

10 Comments. It was made by Hotchkiss, but adopted by the British Army in .303 caliber (the US Benet-Mercie 1909 is basically the same gun, in .30-06). Setting up production in different calibers is generally not a big deal with machine guns, as long as the cartridges have reasonably similar muzzle energy.

When was The M1875 mountain gun first used?

While under consideration, Mr. B. B. Hotchkiss presented for examination and trial a light breech-loading rifle that gave promise of efficient service on the frontier, and fulfill the conditions of mobility, range, and accuracy. One was procured, and issued to the Department of Dakota in 1877, and was used in the field that summer.