What does epicanthus mean?

An epicanthic fold or epicanthus is a skin fold of the upper eyelid that covers the inner corner (medial canthus) of the eye. However, variation occurs in the nature of this feature and the possession of ‘partial epicanthic folds’ or ‘slight epicanthic folds’ is noted in the relevant literature.

What does blepharophimosis mean?

blepharophimosis (horizontal shortening of the palpebral fissures, i.e., the eyes appear more narrow) epicanthus inversus (prominent skin folds extending from the lower to the upper eyelid)

Is epicanthus normal?

Epicanthus palpebralis The fold may cover the inner canthus. It is normal in fetuses of all ethnic origins and common in young children with a flat nasal bridge. Epicanthus palpebralis is a normal feature in many populations, mostly Asians. It is common in syndromes where the nasal bridge is flat, such as trisomy 21.

What causes epicanthic fold?

What Causes Epicanthic Folds? Epicanthic folds form due to the excess growth and development of the skin over the lower-based nose bridges. Many factors affect the formation of epicanthic folds including age, ancestry, and certain health problems.

What are the types of Epicanthic fold?

There are 4 types of epicanthus:

  • Epicanthus tarsalis: fold most prominent along upper eyelid.
  • Epicanthus inversus: most prominent along lower eyelid.
  • Epicanthus palpebralis: involves both upper and lower eyelids.
  • Epicanthus superciliaris: fold originates from the brow and follows down to the lacrimal sac.

Do Epicanthal folds go away?

Epicanthus generally disappears by the age of puberty as the nasal bridge grows. Epicanthus inversus is usually seen in association with blepharophimosis and may be associated with relative shortage of skin in lateral periorbital area.

What are the types of epicanthic fold?

Which is the best definition of the word epicanthus?

ep·i·can·thus. noun. The definition of an epicanthus is a small fold of skin on the upper eye. An example of an epicanthus is a fold above the eye that covers the inner eye of an individual with Down syndrome.

Is the epicanthus a normal fold of skin?

a fold of skin extending from the root of the nose to the medial termination of the eyebrow, overlapping the medial angle of the eye; its presence is normal in fetal life and in some Asians. epicanthus. epicanthus. n. pl.

Which is the correct definition of the epicanthic fold?

Also called: epicanthic fold n., pl. -thi (-thī, -thē). a fold of skin extending from the upper eyelid to or over the inner canthus of the eye, especially common in Asian peoples. Also called ep′ican′thic fold′, eyefold.

What kind of eye condition does epicanthus have?

Epicanthus gives rise to the appearance of pseudostrabismus (present as pseudoesotropia). This condition does not pose any problem to the eye. However, it produces parental concern because of its resemblance to pseudoesotropia.