What are the OCT features of dry AMD?

Non-exudative (dry) AMD

Exam appearance OCT appearance
Drusen (yellow-appearing accumulations of extracellular lipofuscin-containing debris) Drusen appear as lumps underneath the RPE
Pigmentary changes (hypo- or hyper-pigmentation of the retina) No classic OCT appearance

What are the symptoms of dry macular degeneration?


  • Visual distortions, such as straight lines seeming bent.
  • Reduced central vision in one or both eyes.
  • The need for brighter light when reading or doing close-up work.
  • Increased difficulty adapting to low light levels, such as when entering a dimly lit restaurant.
  • Increased blurriness of printed words.

What conditions can OCT help to diagnose?

OCT is useful in diagnosing many eye conditions, including:

  • macular hole.
  • macular pucker.
  • macular edema.
  • age-related macular degeneration.
  • glaucoma.
  • central serous retinopathy.
  • diabetic retinopathy.
  • vitreous traction.

What to know about age-related macular degeneration?

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common eye condition that causes damage to a small spot near the center of the retina called the macula , the part of the eye that helps you see things clearly. Peripheral (side) vision usually remains unaffected.

How is age-related macular degeneration diagnosed?

Diagnosing Age-Related Macular Degeneration. To diagnose age-related macular degeneration effectively, most macular specialists recommend the following procedures: Distance and near vision acuity tests. A dilated eye (or fundus) examination, which includes the use of an ophthalmoscope.

Is age-related macular degeneration declining?

Age-related macular degeneration on the decline . A multi-generation analysis of age-related macular degeneration – an eye disease that causes vision loss – has shown it’s in decline .