What are the OCT features of dry AMD?
Non-exudative (dry) AMD
|Exam appearance||OCT appearance|
|Drusen (yellow-appearing accumulations of extracellular lipofuscin-containing debris)||Drusen appear as lumps underneath the RPE|
|Pigmentary changes (hypo- or hyper-pigmentation of the retina)||No classic OCT appearance|
What are the symptoms of dry macular degeneration?
- Visual distortions, such as straight lines seeming bent.
- Reduced central vision in one or both eyes.
- The need for brighter light when reading or doing close-up work.
- Increased difficulty adapting to low light levels, such as when entering a dimly lit restaurant.
- Increased blurriness of printed words.
What conditions can OCT help to diagnose?
OCT is useful in diagnosing many eye conditions, including:
- macular hole.
- macular pucker.
- macular edema.
- age-related macular degeneration.
- central serous retinopathy.
- diabetic retinopathy.
- vitreous traction.
What to know about age-related macular degeneration?
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common eye condition that causes damage to a small spot near the center of the retina called the macula , the part of the eye that helps you see things clearly. Peripheral (side) vision usually remains unaffected.
How is age-related macular degeneration diagnosed?
Diagnosing Age-Related Macular Degeneration. To diagnose age-related macular degeneration effectively, most macular specialists recommend the following procedures: Distance and near vision acuity tests. A dilated eye (or fundus) examination, which includes the use of an ophthalmoscope.
Is age-related macular degeneration declining?
Age-related macular degeneration on the decline . A multi-generation analysis of age-related macular degeneration – an eye disease that causes vision loss – has shown it’s in decline .