What are cytotoxic anticancer drugs?
That is, alkylating agents, antitumor antibiotics, platinum-containing agents, antimetabolites (fluorinated pyrimidine derivatives, cytidine derivatives, thymidine derivatives, purine antagonists, antifolates), topoisomerase inhibitors, and microtubule agonists (polymerization inhibitors and polymerization accelerators …
What medicine is used as an anticancer agent?
Medicines that are used as anticancer drugs are:
- Platinum-based drugs (cisplatin, carboplatin),
- L-Asparaginase (Crasnit’s),
- Hydroxyurea (Hydrea), and.
- Amsacrine (Amsidyl).
What is the potent anticancer drug?
Anticancer Drugs. 2010 Mar;21(3):215-27.
What happens if you touch cytotoxic drugs?
Exposure to cytotoxic drugs has been reported to cause increased frequency of chromosome damage in exposed workers. They can cause acute skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritations, as well as nausea, headaches, and dizziness.
What does it mean if someone is cytotoxic?
Your cancer treatment You are being treated with a drug(s) called. This cancer treatment is cytotoxic. This means it can kill cancer cells and can harm healthy cells. Your treatment container will have a sticker that says “chemotherapy” or “cytotoxic” to warn people that it could be harmful.
What are the three classifications of anticancer drugs?
The antineoplastic agents are not easily classified. Historically, they are categorized as (1) alkylating agents, (2) antimetabolites, (3) natural products, (4) hormones and antagonists, and (5) miscellaneous. In recent years, however, the miscellaneous group has come to include some of the most important agents.
What is betulinic acid used for?
The natural compound betulinic acid shows potent anticancer activity through activation of the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis in cancer cells. Betulinic acid may also be used in combination protocols to enhance its antitumor activity, for example with chemo- or radiotherapy or with the death receptor ligand TRAIL.
What are the risks of cytotoxic?
They can cause acute skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritations, as well as nausea, headaches, and dizziness. Cytotoxic drugs have also been associated with negative health effects for developing fetuses, including higher incidences of spontaneous abortions, congenital malformations, low birth weight, and infertility.