Is pure oxygen gas an element?
Oxygen is a chemical element – a substance that contains only one type of atom. Its official chemical symbol is O, and its atomic number is 8, which means that an oxygen atom has eight protons in its nucleus. Oxygen is a gas at room temperature and has no colour, smell or taste. Oxygen is found naturally as a molecule.
What is pure oxygen?
Pure oxygen or oxygen-enriched air is used in many industrial applications. The US CGA (Compressed Gas Association) and other standard-setting bodies define oxygen-enriched mixtures or atmospheres as any mixture or atmosphere containing greater than 23% oxygen. …
Is pure oxygen reactive?
Oxygen is a member of the chalcogen group on the periodic table and is a highly reactive nonmetallic element. Oxygen is a strong oxidizing agent and has the second-highest electronegativity of all reactive elements, second only to fluorine.
How many elements does oxygen gas have?
Under standard conditions oxygen forms a gas that is composed of molecules consisting of two oxygen atoms (O2). This is called a diatomic gas. In this form oxygen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. Oxygen also exists as the allotrope ozone (O3).
Do we age because of oxygen?
Oxidative stress causes cells and entire organisms to age. If reactive oxygen species accumulate, this causes damage to the DNA as well as changes in the protein molecules and lipids in the cell. The cell ultimately loses its functionality and dies. Over time, the tissue suffers and the body ages.
What are two properties of oxygen?
Oxygen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It changes from a gas to a liquid at a temperature of -182.96°C (-297.33°F). The liquid formed has a slightly bluish color to it. Liquid oxygen can then be solidified or frozen at a temperature of -218.4°C (-361.2°F).
What happens when an element Burns in oxygen?
In general, however, when a pure element burns in oxygen the product is called an oxide. An oxide is a compound containing both the element and oxygen chemically combined together. Some examples of element combustion are shown below. Several such reactions will be performed using the oxygen gas collected in this lab.
How did they replace pure oxygen in space?
He suggested replacing pure oxygen with a mixed gas atmosphere, either oxygen-nitrogen or oxygen-helium in a 60:40 ratio. This mixed atmosphere could be bled out during ascent into orbit and replaced with pure oxygen.
What happens if you breathe pure oxygen for long time?
* Breathing pure Oxygen for a long time can irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. Higher exposures may cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency, with severe shortness of breath. IDENTIFICATION Oxygen is a colorless, odorless gas. Liquid Oxygen has a light blue color and is odorless.
What is the atomic number of the element oxygen?
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8. It is a member of the chalcogen group on the periodic table, a highly reactive nonmetal, and an oxidizing agent that readily forms oxides with most elements as well as with other compounds.