How is Lymphangioleiomyomatosis diagnosed?

Symptoms of LAM may include shortness of breath, fatigue, cough, and bleeding into the kidneys. Doctors may diagnose LAM with pulmonary function tests, imaging tests, and blood tests. A lung transplant is the only cure for LAM disease.

How is LAM diagnosed?

Computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest shows a better image of the lungs and lung cysts. CT of the chest is the most useful test to help make the diagnosis of LAM. One-third of patients with LAM can also have a benign tumor of the kidney, called angiomyolipoma (an-jee-oh-my-oh-ly-PO-ma).

Is LAM lung disease fatal?

LAM is a progressive, frequently fatal, cystic lung disease that affects women almost exclusively, most often during childbearing years.

Is LAM a cancer?

LAM is a rare form of low-grade cancer. Low-grade cancer cells look more like normal cells under a microscope, and they often grow and spread slowly. In LAM, myofibroblasts (muscle and fibrous tissue cells) move from the uterus through the lymph channels to other organs such as the lung and abdominal lymph nodes.

How is Lymphangioleiomyomatosis treated?

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis causes damage to lung tissue that results in such problems as inability of fully oxygenate blood, fluid in the lungs and collapsed lung. Although there is no cure, treatment include drugs that can improve lung function, oxygen therapy and lung transplantation for those with severe disease.

Is LAM disease curable?

There is no cure for LAM, but treatment can help ease symptoms, prevent complications and disease progression. Working with a pulmonologist who has experience treating LAM can help you find the treatment that is most effective for you.

Is there a cure for LAM?

How common is LAM?

LAM is very rare, affecting only 3 to 8 of every million women, usually when they are of childbearing age. Lung damage from LAM often results in pneumothorax, which can ultimately help doctors with diagnosis. A lung transplant may be considered for advanced cases.

Is LAM disease hereditary?

LAM is caused by the mutations in two genes, Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC)1 and TSC2. The first form is hereditary and occurs in patients who have tuberous sclerosis.

What are the symptoms of LAM?

Signs & Symptoms of Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)

  • Shortness of breath, especially following activity.
  • Persistent cough, sometimes with bloody phlegm.
  • Chest pain, often, but not always, due to collapsed lung.
  • Abdominal discomfort or flank pain.

Who is at risk for Lymphangioleiomyomatosis?

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) almost exclusively affects women. Women who have the disease are usually diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 40. About 30% of women who have tuberous sclerosis also have LAM.

How to tell if you have lymphangioleiomyomatosis ( LAM )?

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis 1 Summary. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (lim-FAN-je-o-LI-o-MI-o-ma-TO-sis), or LAM,… 2 Symptoms. This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. 3 Diagnosis. Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. 4 Treatment. While there is currently no cure for LAM,…

Which is the best treatment for lymphangioleiomyomatosis?

1 Oxygen therapy. 2 Inhaled medications that help improve the flow of air in the lungs. 3 Various procedures to remove fluid from the chest, or to shrink angiomyolipomas. 4 Lung transplant (in severe cases of LAM).

How does lymphangioleiomyomatosis cause breathing problems?

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a lung disease caused by the abnormal growth of smooth muscle cells that leads to blockage of the bronchial tubes and lymphatic vessels, and the formation of holes or cysts in the lung. People with LAM have breathing trouble because of their narrowed bronchial tubes.

Is there a blood test to diagnose Lam?

VEGF-D blood-based diagnostic test can distinguish LAM from other cystic lung diseases that present with similar HRCT scan appearances. In patients with a compatible HRCT chest, a high VEGF-D value (greater than 800pg/ml) is diagnostic for LAM, and no other confirmatory test is needed in that scenario.